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CLASS OF 1889 


The First One Hundred Years 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 

The First One Hundred Years 

Researched and Written 
by the Reverend William A. Cranford 


Editing and Book Design 

by Sarah Overton Johnston Hunter 

Published October 1997 

by the Centennial Committee 

Robert E. Hunter, Chair 

John A. Chitty 

The Reverend William A. Cranford 

Mrs. Cleo Disher (Wife of the late Alvin Disher) 

The Reverend Wallace C. Elliott 

Sarah O.J. Hunter (Mrs. Robert E.) 

Sibyl Johnson (Mrs. Robert L., Jr.) 

Sabrina Maksi, Secretary 

Louellen Saunders (Mrs. B.W.) 

In commemoration of the 100th anniversary 

Christ Moravian Church 

Organized October 25, 1896 

919 Academy Street 

Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27101 

Telephone 910.722.2007 

Cover: Christ Moravian Church from the east side facing Salem, in a snowstorm, circa 1955 



This centennial history seeks to tell the story of the origin and 
development of the Christ Church congregation. 

Material for this history is taken from earlier histories written at 
the tenth, fiftieth, and seventy-fifth anniversaries of Christ Church. 
Additional material was found in the Archives of the Moravian Church, 
Southern Province, and in the records of Christ Church, and in conversa- 
tions with individuals with knowledge of the congregation. Every effort has 
been made to ensure that the facts are accurate. Any errors should be 
noted and corrected when another history is written. Several lists and 
other items have been included as appendices which were thought to be of 

For assistance in writing the history, I wish to thank the members of 
the Centennial Committee, who included the archivists of Christ Church, 
Sabrina Maksi and Sybil Johnson (granddaughter and grandmother, 
respectively); and especially the work of the editor, Sarah Overton 
Johnston Hunter. I also wish to thank the Reverend Vernon R. Nelson, 
archivist of the Moravian Church, Northern Province; Dr. C. Daniel Crews 
and the staff of the Archives of the Moravian Church, Southern Province; 
Mrs. Kathy Walker (now deceased); William H. and Elise Adams for lend- 
ing photographs; and others too numerous to mention who have shed some 
light on bygone days at Christ Church. 

The Reverend William A. Cranford 
December 1996 
Winston-Salem, North Carolina 


Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

Dedicated to 
Maria Vogler and George Brietz 

whose community survey led to the formation 
of the Sunday school in 1893 

and to the 
Thirty-One Charter Members 

who were "at the organization" 
of the congregation in 1896. 

Christ Church Congregation, date unknown 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

Table of Contents 

Christ Chapel 1 

Christ Church 3 

Memorabilia for 1897 7 

Memorabilia for 1898 12 

First Parsonage 17 

Christian Endeavorers 18 

"How We Built the Fence..." 19 

Selling Lots in Kunvald 21 

Mission Workers 22 

Self Support 25 

Palm Sunday 1920 26 

Changes in Christian Education 27 

The Half-Century Mark 29 

Transa-Moravia 32 

New Parsonage 33 

Renovation of the Sanctuary 36 

Centennial Courtyard 37 

Celebrating the Centennial 39 


A. Charter Members of Christ Church .45 

B. Living Descendants of Charter Members 46 

C. Pastors, Christian Educators, Youth Coordinators, 

Mission Workers, 1896-1996 48 

D. Letters Concerning Philip Parabel 51 

E. Marx Mission Celebration 55 

F. Christ Church "Firsts" 56 

G. "Footsteps from the Past" 57 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

The First One Hundred Years 

The 1890s saw many new congregations organized in the Southern 
Province. Some had thought for a long time that a Sunday school 
should be established in that part of Salem known as West Salem. 
In 1891 George Brietz and Maria Vogler made a survey of the 
community and found 30 or more children interested in attending a 
Sunday school. 

A suitable meeting place could not be found so it was decided to 
build a small chapel as an experiment to see whether or not it 
would be successful. The chapel consisted of two rooms and an 
ante-chamber and seated around 150 people. The 20-by-50 foot 
building was located in the general area of the present parsonage, at 
the corner of Academy and Green Streets. A coal stove supplied 
heat when needed. 

Named Christ Chapel but sometimes referred to as the West Salem 
Chapel, the building was completed March 18, 1892. Prayer 
services, led by Brother John F. McCuiston, were held on Saturday 
evenings with the Sunday school meeting on Sundays. At the close 
of the Saturday night prayer meeting, a 15-minute song service was 
held. The Reverend McCuiston served Christ Chapel as "assistant 
missionary pastor" from 1893 to 1896, among his other duties with 
Salem Congregation. 

A Sunday school was started Palm Sunday, March 26, 1893, as a 
branch of the Elm Street Sunday School with an enrollment of 56 

John F. McCuiston 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 1 


HI f 






Christ Chapel, 
date unknown. 

scholars and seven teachers. Brother Eugene A. Ebert served as 
temporary superintendent. Howard E. Rondthaler served as 
Sunday school superintendent in the summer of 1894 with L. A. 
Brietz serving as superintendent until Brother Rondthaler 
graduated from Moravian Theological Seminary. 

The Elm Street Chapel had been located on what is now Factory 
Row, at one time called Elm Street and then South Trade Street. 
This chapel was later disbanded with the members processing up 
to the Home Church and becoming a part of their Sunday school. 
Some, however, came to Christ Chapel. 

A dedication service was held on the afternoon of April 9, 1893, 
with Bishop Edward Rondthaler presiding, assisted by Brother J. 
H. Clewell, then principal of Salem Female Academy. 

The first baptism in Christ Chapel took place on June 10, 1893, 
when Brother McCuiston baptized Charles Daniel Spainhour. 
This may have been the only baptism in Christ Chapel as no other 
baptismal record could be found (for the chapel). 

As attendance increased, the chapel became too small for the 
Sunday school and other arrangements had to be made. A tent was 
secured to use on the west side of the chapel. A nearby grove 
was equipped with seats and light provided when needed. One 
class met on the front porch of the David Robertson home on the 
northeast corner of Green and Academy Streets. Several of the 
young men built street crossings and purchased a large lamp to 
place in front of the chapel. Such solutions were only temporary 
and inadequate. A new building was needed. 

2 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 


Work began on a new church sanctuary across the road from Christ 
Chapel; and the cornerstone, placed in the foundation of the bell 
tower, was laid on Sunday afternoon, July 21, 1895. 

From a small sheet of paper found in the Archives comes this list of 
articles placed in the cornerstone: 

Holy Bible 

Moravian hymn book 

Textbook 1895 (Daily text) 

Rules and Regulations of the Salem Congregation 

The Moravian 

The Wachovia Moravian 

The Union Republican (newspaper) 

Twin City Daily -Sentinel (newspaper) 

Blum's Almanac 

History of Christ Chapel 

List of Sunday School (members) 

Pastors and Boards of Salem Congregation 

The "new chapel," with a seating capacity of 350, was completed 
by March 1896. The building was constructed by Fogle Brothers, 
with the Salem Congregation providing financial aid. 

Howard E. Rondthaler was called to be 
the first pastor, as an assistant pastor of 
the Salem Congregation, and took charge 
on July 1, 1896. Brother Rondthaler also 
served Fairview, Mayodan, and Moravia 
Churches while he was serving Christ 

Howard E. Rondthaler 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 3 

The consecration of Christ Church took place on the afternoon of 
July 18, 1896. Shortly before 4:00 p.m. members of the Sunday 
School gathered for the last time in the old chapel and processed 
to the new building. Some 600 were present for the service. 
Bishop Edward Rondthaler preached the consecration sermon, 
using the text I Kings 8:29, "That thine eyes may be open toward 
this house day and night, even toward the place of which Thou 
hast said, 'My name shall be there! " Music was furnished by a 
choir from the Home Church. An offering — amounting to 
$47.50 — was received at the end of the service. 

Members of the Sunday School began making improvements 
around the new building. A coal bin was built by several members 
working at night. A group of ladies inaugurated a movement to 
purchase carpet for the church. The money was on hand eight 
days after the move started. 

Christ Moravian Church before addition of Sunday school rooms. 

4 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

The congregation was organized October 25, 1896, at 4:00 p.m. 
Thirty-one charter members were present. The names of the 3 1 
charter members below are listed in the church register (1896-1908) 
in the section titled "At the Organization." (See appendix A.) 

Emelius Brewer 
Mrs. Rosa R. Brewer 
L. Albert Brietz 
Mrs. Alice Brietz 
R. Hillary Church 
Ada Collins 
Jessie Doub 
John Doub 
Mrs. John Doub 
Lee Hanes 
Mrs. Lee Hanes 
Mrs. James Hedrick 
Laura Johnson 
William Jurney 
Mrs. Eleanor Jurney 

John S. Kimel 
Mrs. Ida T. Kimel 
Clara Kimel 
Harry Mickey 
Mrs. Harry Mickey 
Delia Pfaff 
Sam Pfaff 
Orville Pfaff 
Mrs. Albert Peddycord 
Lizetta Pegram 
Lillie Pegram 
Charles Reich 
David Robertson 
Mrs. David Robertson 
Lizzie Robertson 

John Transou 

The organizational service was followed by communion. Robert 
Hege Mickey was confirmed and participated in communion for the 
first time. 

During Howard Rondthaler's pastorate (1896-1903), the church 
observed a Fireman's Day. The church was decorated with autumn 
leaves, flowers, leather fire buckets, trumpets, and nozzles. A 
number of the men in the congregation served as volunteer firemen, 
and they were seated in the center of the sanctuary. The sermon 
theme for the observance was "Put ye on the Lord Jesus Christy 
(Romans 13:14) 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 5 

A West Salem Boys' Club was organized by Pastor Rondthaler, 
known as "Mr. Howard." The club had a museum in the north 
tower. At a lawn party, items from the museum were brought 
down and exhibited in a tent. The club charged six cents for 
admission to the exhibit and raised a grand total of $5.65. 

Special Section: Two Memorabilia 
Written in 1897 and 1898 

The memorabilia, written by the pastor and usually read at 
a service on New Years Eve, was a review of the year from the 
standpoint of the church, the community, and sometimes the world 
at large. 

After individual churches in the Salem Congregation 
stopped having their own New Years Eve services, a memorabilia 
service was held at the Home Church for many years, with the last 
such service held December 31, 1961. Church leaders thought 
that, with the advent of more modern communications, the service 
had outlived its usefulness. 

The following Christ Church memorabilia for 1897 and 
1898 apparently were read after the first of the year and deal with 
the first two full years of the congregation. They present an inter- 
esting and revealing account of the early 
years of the life of the congregation and 
have not been published previously, to our 
knowledge. Some editing was necessary. 
Words have been omitted (indicated by an 
underline) which could not be read on the 
original manuscripts, the only form of the 
memorabilia available. Here, then, in the 
words of Howard Rondthaler, are accounts 
of the first two full years of the life of Christ 
Moravian Church. 

Christ Moravian Church, with residences in 
background, date unknown. 

6 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

Christ Church Memorabilia 
for 1897 

The first day of the year 1897 was a Friday, and as the old 
year passed out with mild weather, so the New Year came in, the 
opening week being warm and rainy. The first snow for the year 
fell on the 13th day of January but thaw followed very quickly. On 
the 17th the opening sermon for the year in Christ Church was 
preached from the text, Joshua 3:4: "Ye have not passed this way 
heretofore!' The night was a stormy one, but thirty-six faithful 
ones braved the rain and were present to the service. With the last 
Saturday night in January the C. E. (Christian Endeavor) Prayer 
Meeting was moved to Sunday evening before the preaching, a plan 
which has proved happily successful. 

But ere the month closed, we had held our first funeral for 
the new year in the neighborhood, burying the infant Edward Ellis 
Morgan, the son of Mr. Thomas and Mrs. Emma Morgan. 

February was a quiet month, the usual services continuing, 
but with nothing marked to make it notable. The Boys' and Girls' 
Friendly half-hours were held, and together with the Men's hour on 
Wednesday nights were encouraging features of the month's work. 
On the 5th Geo. W. Sink, infant son of Mr. Cicero and Mrs. Julia 
Sink, was buried. Towards the close of the month we commenced 
practising for our anniversary. 

The first infant baptized in Christ Church was Caroline 
Marie Brietz in connection with the morning service on March 7. 

The long looked forward to anniversary (of the Sunday 
School) was happily celebrated on the night of Saturday, 26th of 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 7 

March. The weather was sharp and cold, five hundred persons 
were present to enjoy the programme of song and recitation. The 
first collection toward the Bell Fund was gathered, amounting to 
$7.00. On the next evening the Endeavorers, then in District 
Convention, gathered in large numbers with us to the evening ser- 
mon which was on the text "Behold I have set before you an open 
door!' (Revelation 3:8) 

With the opening days of April our Sunday School lost an 
earnest worker in the removal to Goldsboro with his family of Mr. 
Thomas Siddall, formerly teacher of the Men's Bible class.... 

Palm Sunday, the 11th of April, was a happy day for Christ 
Church. At the afternoon service four persons were added to our 
membership: By reception, Mrs. James Hedrick from M.P. 
Church, Winston. By confirmation: Frank T. Disher, and by adult 
baptism Albert Wesley Peddicord (sic) and James E. Hedrick. 

On the following Thursday the pastor married Ernest 
Shepherd and Lizzie Robertson. 

On the first evening in May we had the smallest prayer 
meeting I can remember in Christ Church. The night was very 
stormy. Just twelve persons, the apostolic number, were present. 
The morning of the fourth Sunday in May was given to a welcome 
service in the Home Church to which the various Moravian 
Sunday Schools in Salem and Winston attended. Christ Church 
Sunday School presented a fine appearance as it marched over. 
The pastor of Christ Church preached a twelve minute sermon on 
"sin blindness." 

July 4th falling in 1897 on a Sunday, a special service was 
held that night in Christ Church which was decorated for the occa- 
sion with flags and bunting. The pastor was assisted in the service 

8 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

by the Bros Brietz, Robert Mickey, Sam Pfaff, Emelius Brewer and 
Harry Mickey. The annual Sunday School picnic took place on 
Thursday, July 22nd. And although July was a rainy month, we 
were blessed with a fine day. The picnic was a thoroughly happy 
one, and we especially enjoyed the presence with us of many 
mothers and little ones. 

All during the month of July many were busy preparing for 
the special entertainment given on the evening of the 6th of August 
in the Boys School House. 

Altho' the night was a very bad one our friends stood by us 
and the chapel was nicely filled with an audience which seemed to 
thoroughly enjoy the program. About $20.00 was added to the bell 
fund. The committee on arrangements was Miss Minnie Mickey, 
Miss Jesse Daub, Mrs. Harry Mickey, Mr. Brietz and Mr. Sam 

At the Annual Conference held during August in Providence 
Church, this organization was represented by the brethren Brietz, 
Robinson, and J.R. Transou. 

On the very first Sunday in August, an alarming accident 
happened near the church to Mr. John Brown who seriously cut his 
hand on a feed cutter. On Sunday August 15 Elsie Ernestina, infant 
daughter of Br. and Sr. Granville Nading, was baptized in the 

On the next day we gathered with the sorrowing family at 
the funeral of little Howard Hampton McCoin. 

On the 5th of Oct. John Transou and Miss Sallie Parker and 
on the 27th Charles Reich and Miss Lilly Pegram were united in 
holy matrimony. With the middle of October came the Fireman's 
Sunday morning service toward which old and young had looked 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 9 

forward with much interest. The church was tastefully decorated, 
special features being the fireman's trumpet nozzles, a helmet 
from the older time and three ancient leather firebuckets. The day 
was fine and clear, the audience large, and the attention excellent. 
The text for the discourse was Romans 13:14, "But put ye on the 
Lord Jesus Christ!' 

On the 21st a very happy triple baptism was held at the 
home of Br. John Kimel in the presence of some 35 friends. The 

children baptized were Gray, Isabelle Elizabeth, and 

Thomas Kimel. 

On the next morning a very encouraging members meet- 
ing, the first one ever held in Christ Church, gathered twenty-four 
in the rooms to the rear. The following brethren were elected 
Councilmen for one year: Robertson, Brietz and Jurney. 

With the day before Thanksgiving the Christmas practicing 
commenced and was faithfully continued until the concert took 
place. The Thanksgiving decoration was a great success to the 
delight of the many, some of them very little ones who helped in 
arranging its vegetables and various flowers. Thanksgiving 
service was held on Friday night, Nov. 26th amidst torrents of 
rain. Not very many were present but we who were gathered in 
the beautified sanctuary greatly enjoyed the happy service. 

On the Tuesday following a helpful company of boys, with 
wagons and wheelbarrows and much laughter and merriment, 
carried their Thanksgiving offering to the Salem Home. 

With December everything began to look towards 
Christmas time. On the nights of Tuesday 7th and Friday 10th 
quite a company of men helped in the various improvements 
around the church grounds. 

10 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

Tho' Sunday the 19th was a threatening day, a large congre- 
gation was gathered to welcome our guests, the Jr. Order United 
American Mechanics who occupied the center of the building. 
$6.58 was added to the Bell Fund. The morning sermon was 
preached from the text "And behold the Lord stood on a wall made 
by a plumbline with a P.L. in his hand." (Amos 7:7) 

Monday night the 20th was a busy evening, in connection 
with the decoration for Christmas which we are still enjoying. 
Some 35 members and friends lent willing help. 

The Christmas concert on the night of 21st is still happily 
fresh in our minds. Our many friends have no words but those of 
praise for the splendid entertainment. 

On the next evening, the pastor married Rufus Pfaff and 
Miss Emma Davis. The night following, he baptized Howard C. 
Disher, infant son of Mr. and Mrs. Ham Disher and on the third last 
night of the year married Walter Dillon and Miss Maggie 

The statistics of Christ Church congregation and Sunday 
School, as follows: 

Communicants 35 

Children 32 

Total 67 

Officers and Teachers 12 

Scholars 205 

Total 217 

The first parsonage, early photo. 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 11 

Christ Church Memorabilia 
for 1898 

1899! Before many days, these figures which may now 
seem not a little strange, and have an unfamiliar sound about 
them, will have become as familiar as are now the figures 1898. 
However, before the old year with all its experiences has entirely 
passed to that point where it becomes like any other year gone 
by — one of many with no thing to especially distinguish it from 
the next, we will pause to briefly review its history as connected 
with the interests of Christ Church. 

Although New Year's Eve 1897 was warm and moist, the 
opening days of 1898 were quite sharp and cold, giving about the 
only opportunity to harvest ice which the winter afforded. As the 
year began on a Saturday, the first service held in Christ Church 
was a prayer meeting held on the evening of New Year's Day. 

On Sunday night January the second, a large congregation 
was in attendance. Upon the New Year's sermon preached from 
the text "In the beginning God... etc." With the third Sunday in 
January the Sunday School attendance passed the 150 mark. 

With the opening of the month of February, our neighbor- 
hood was saddened over the death of an esteemed citizen, Mr. 
Wm. Madison, who was buried on Monday, Feb. 7th. 

With the third week in Feb., the classes were opened for 
instruction in Christian living along the lines suggested by the 
catechism. These classes were continued until Palm Sunday and 
were the means of deepening the spiritual lives of not a few; six 
groups were gathered: younger and older boys, girls and young 

12 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

women, mothers and fathers, the attendance upon each of these 
classes averaged about ten. Strange to say, the attendance of the 
Mothers Class was the smallest of all. 

Our largest congregation during March was gathered to hear 
a sermon by our good friend Dr. H. A. Brown of Winston who on 
this occasion exchanged pulpits with the pastor of Christ Church. 

On March 15th I noticed the first apricot tree in blossom 
and by the 20th, owing to the extremely mild weather, many of the 
pear trees were in full blossom and signs of the green leaves were 
even beginning to show themselves on the elm and other earlier 

During March, by order of the trustees, two streets were laid 
off to the south and west of the church, the former being a prolon- 
gation of Academy Street; the latter receiving the name Hunter 
Avenue, this being part of a plan to develop the neighborhood of 
Christ Church as a desirable residential section of West Salem. 

(On the) 21st the new parsonage was staked off, and shortly 
after active work upon the building was commenced. 

Palm Sunday came early in April and was an important day 
in our church life. 

At 4:30 p.m. the service of baptism, confirmation and recep- 
tion was held, seven souls being added to our communicant mem- 
bership. During the Holy Week which followed, household com- 
munions for the sick were held at the homes of Br. Lee Hanes and 
Sr. Johnson. On Friday, April 22 we were thrilled with the news 
that the war with Spain had actually commenced. During April 
some work was done on the grounds by members and friends of 
Christ Church. Much, however, still remains to be done, and we 
hope with the new year to take a strong hold upon this portion of 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 13 

the Church work. 

With the coming of May, the plan of holding our prayer 
meeting on alternate Wed. and Sat. nights proved more successful 
than any previous month. 

With this month the household prayer meetings were 
resumed. These were invariably good meetings, the attendance 
often being very large and the willingness to take part, most 
encouraging. At one service, I noticed that twenty out of 33 pre- 
sent took an active part in the meeting. 

Tuesday May 24th was a sad day for our community as on 
that day we laid to rest the remains of our Brother Christian Fogle, 
suddenly called away in the midst of an active and busy life and a 
man affectionately connected with many in this new building. 

Our annual flower service was held early in June and we 
enjoyed together the beautiful decoration of roses and daisies. 

During the second half of this month the pastor was unable 
to carry on his work on account of sickness. Kindly help was ren- 
dered by other brethren of the ministry. Especially did I appreciate 
the many visits I received during this time from members and 
friends of this church. 

With the middle of July we reached the end of the life of 
Christ which (had been) our prayer meeting theme which had 
occupied two years less one month. 

For the first time since our work was started in 1893 the 
Sunday School picnic was interfered with by rain, which necessi- 
tated its postponement from Thursday, Aug. 18th to the 
day following. 

To be sure on this day a sharp shower interfered somewhat 
with the lovefeast, but nevertheless the day was a great success. 
Thro' the kindness of team owners, we were able to take a wagon 

14 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

ride this year, our destination being Ogburns Springs, three miles 
north of Salem. 

With September we closed the series of talks on Samson 
and took the life of Daniel. 

On Saturday the 4th our oldest citizen passed away, the ven- 
erable Daniel Powers, aged 89 years, known to all and 
esteemed by us all. 

A very hearty and delightful welcome service was held on 
Monday night the 23rd of October, gathering the whole neighbor- 
hood in affectionate and loving greetings to the pastor and his wife, 
upon the occasion of their homecoming. On the 2nd last day of the 
month the first funeral ever held in Christ Ch. occurred. Sister 
Rosa Sink, aged 54 years, was buried from the church, her service 
being held previous to the morning session of the Sunday school. 

November was made a glad month in our church life by the 
reception of six members into our fellowship, making a total of 15 
added during the year. On this same Sunday which was the first of 
the month, the mission envelope plan was inaugurated. Two weeks 
later these envelopes were gathered with $12.39 as a freewill offer- 

Thanksgiving is always a bright season in Christ Church 
and this year proved no exception. At the evening service on the 
Sunday preceding we greatly enjoyed having with us Rev. Dr. 

, of the M.E. (Methodist Episcopal) Church in North 

Carolina. The day itself was opened in a very pleasing manner by a 
special Thanksgiving celebration. Thanksgiving and Xmas seemed 
very closely linked. Our special practicing commenced on the day 
before Thanksgiving and was faithfully continued up to the very 
day of the entertainment with the result that this year's celebration 
was by far the year's most successful which was ever given, and 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 15 

thus 1898 has passed away swiftly like a tale that is told, but we 
feel that in our church life it has been under God's blessing, a 
profitable and a happy year. During 1898 the pastor preached in X 
(Christ) Church 22 times. In addition 6 other preaching services 
were held. The average attendance has been 108. He has held 32 
prayer meetings with an average (attendance of) 43 and paid 640 
visits endeavoring to make a due proportion of these among the X 
Ch. (Christ Church) neighborhood. 

The membership of X (Christ Church) at the close of 1898 
is as follows: 

Communicants 49 

Children 35 

Total 84 

The Christian Endeavor number 20 active members. 

The Sunday School = 184. 

During the year there has been gathered for missions 

The Sunday School met all expenses and showed a slight 

We have had a bell fund amounting to $48.50. 

Infant baptisms: Constance Gertrude Shepherd, Karl 
Alonso Pfaff, Myrtle C. Peddicord (sic), Bernard Jacob Mickey, 
Elmo Adelaide Collins, Julia Ann Brewer, Howard Edward 
Brewer, Ruth Marie Transou 8 

Adult baptisms: Cordie Madison, Maggie Robertson 2 

Confirmation: Nettie Doub, Ermie Pfaff, Ollie Disher, 
Edwin Raymond Brietz, Albert Glover 

Reception: Mrs. Johnson Louisa Brendle, Miss Phoebe 
Brendle, Mr. Hamilton Disher, Mrs. Annie Disher, Mr. Gideon 
Pfaff, Mrs. Addie Pfaff, Mrs. Katherine Rondthaler 8 

Marriages: Miss Clara Kimel to Mr. Gustav Madison 

Deaths in neighborhood: Daniel Powers, Wm. Madison, 
Howard Thompson, Rosa Sink, Harry Tesh 

16 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 


A decision was made to build a parsonage on the knoll 
where Christ Chapel had been located. The chapel build- 
ing, having served its purpose and outlived its usefulness, 
was sold. It was moved to a lot behind the site of the par- 
sonage and, remodeled, stands as a residence at 618 South 
Green Street. 

The first parsonage, later photo. 

April 1899 saw a large increase in Sunday school attendance. 
From an average of 1 30 at the beginning of the month, it rose to 
200 members by the end of the month. The increase was attributed 
to visitation of the scholars and others in the neighborhood by the 
teachers. Thus the congregation continued reaching out into the 

New groups were organized to meet the needs of various groups 
within the church. "To every man his work" could well have been 
the motto for the congregation. In addition to the work of visiting 
done by the Sunday school teachers, the Neighborhood Circle 
worked on projects and a group of young ladies in the church 
specialized in visiting the sick. Another group took charge of flow- 
ers for the church. The younger boys banded together to work on 
the church grounds. 

The neighborhood circle was organized on February 12, 1899, with 
Mrs. Lee Hanes as the secretary. A carpet for a back room in the 
church was made from some rags donated by Ed Butner. A quilt 
was made for the Salem Home in the parsonage "garret" (attic). 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 1 7 

At a church meeting held in September, 1899, the pastor read out 
the name of each member, except the sick or those prevented by 
home duties, to assign each person to some form of definite work. 
The assignments were made under the direction of the Board of 

In the Lenten season of 1900, six meetings were held each 
Wednesday night with the idea that each church member should 
become more familiar with the doctrines in the catechism. Most 
of the meetings were informal. Someone remarked that these 
services were better than the preaching services. By April, much 
interest was shown in these meetings, so they were held for seven 
consecutive nights. It was reported that the Word was received 
with earnestness beyond anything that had thus far been 
experienced in the three-year history of the congregation. 


The Christian Endeavor group, for many years the youth organiza- 
tion of the church, was first organized at Christ Church on July 17, 
1901. Four volunteers from this group went out on Sunday after- 
noons to help with the Sunday School at Wachovia Arbor Church, 
located next to what is now the Triad United Methodist Retirement 
Home, Arbor Acres. The "arbor" is still there, and the graveyard, 
but the church building was destroyed by fire some years ago and 
the congregation has disbanded. 

During the season of Lent in 1918, the Young People's Christian 
Endeavor Group was reorganized with Mrs. R. W. Pfaff as 
superintendent. Officers elected for that year were 

18 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

Hollis Pfaff, president; Gladys Pfaff, vice president; William 
Stewart, secretary; and Collie Johnson, treasurer. 

The work of the Christian Endeavorers is still remembered. The 
group's name appears on the granite steps formerly used at the 
front door of the church and now a part of the Centennial 


The congregation continued to make improvements to the church 
property. Another "find" among the old records of the church is 
this story, written by an unknown author: 

"How We Built the Fence Around 
Christ Church" 

We were anxious to get a nice lawn around our 
church, but could not do much toward it, as we had no 
fence around the lot. People would drive across the lot 
in order to cut off corners; cows would sometimes be 
grazed on the lot; and chickens and dogs would use it 
as a playground. But how were we to make about 
eleven hundred feet of fence around this lot? It would 
cost considerable money to put up that much fence. 

At last, in a members' meeting, someone suggest- 
ed that we take a fund which we had been saving to 
buy a new bell with, and use it for part payment of the 
fence. This suggestion was adopted. 

The next thing was to raise the balance by 
subscriptions among the members, and by collections. 
We did not give any supper or concert, as we did not 
believe in raising money that way. 

The next step was to decide what kind of fence to 
make, and where to get the material. A wire fence 

Christ Moravian Church, with fence. 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 19 

seemed to be the kind every one wanted and several orna- 
mental fence advertisements were answered. The commit- 
tee had not decided which one to select, when a representa- 
tive of one of the companies came here, and made the 
committee a very low offer on his wire, in order to intro- 
duce it in this town. The offer was accepted, and after- 
wards the posts and railings were purchased. 

The committee decided it would be a good plan to 
dip the posts into a preparation of tar, in order to keep 
them from rotting so quick. A large iron kettle was hauled 
to the church lot, into which this tar was put. One night 
after supper, a number of boys and men gathered together 
to do this work. A fire was built under the kettle and, 
when the tar began to boil, the posts were dipped into it. 
Some said we were cooking maple syrup, others said it 
was soup; but no one wanted to eat any of it. 

Various parties bid on putting up the fence, and one 
bid was selected by the committee. After this the fence 
was soon finished, and everyone seems to be proud of it. 

(A list found with the article shows the names of 19 people 
who agreed to pay amounts ranging from 25 cents to ten 
dollars for the " improvement of Christ Church grounds' 9 
on or before July 15, 1902.) 

On July 6, 1902, the Sunday school picnic was held at Nissen Park 
in Waughtown. In the afternoon a lovefeast was held, and more 
than 350 people were served. 

Electric lights were turned on in the church on October 25, 1903. 
The lights were a sesquicentennial offering marking the 150th 
anniversary of the beginning of the Moravian Church in North 
Carolina and the seventh anniversary of the congregation. Lights 
were added to the parsonage in 1905. 

20 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

An organ, with four sets of reeds, fifteen stops, and a side pump, 
was placed in the church in 1905. The first organist for Christ 
Church was Samuel A. Pfaff. Some time later Carl Pfaff and 
Kenneth Nading were elected to be organ pumpers. 


Land to the west and southwest of the church was opened for build- 
ing lots in 1906. Water and sewer were provided for the area. This 
tract of about 100 acres was the largest single remaining undevel- 
oped property of the original Wachovia purchase which belonged 
to Salem Congregation. 

The development of the Granville properties had been recommend- 
ed by the Board of Elders at Christ Church several years before 
this. The forthcoming resolution was made by the Board of Elders: 

Resolved that the Board of Elders hereby request the 
Board of Trustees to recommend to the Central Board 
of Trustees to sell the lots of Kunwald as soon as prac- 

From the Minutes, Board of Elders, January 25, 1910 

The area was named "Kunwald" (Kunvald) after the first 
community of the ancient Moravian Unity but was later changed to 
"Granville Place," after the Earl of Granville who sold the 
Wachovia tract to the Moravians in 1753. Later, in 1940, more of 
the land south of Granville School, known as the "Christ Church 
Woods," was sold with lots ranging in price from $350 to $500. 
The land west of the school was opened for development at a later 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 21 


In December 1906, Christ Church chose to begin the support of a 
mis son worker in another country. After some consideration, 
Philip Parabel in Surinam was chosen. The practice of supporting 
someone in mission service was continued by the congregation for 
many years. In 1922 Brother Fred T. and Sister Anna B. Schwalbe 
and their daughter, Anna Gertrude, were chosen as missionaries to 
Alaska. In 1949, Christ Church began assisting Dr. Samuel B. 
Marx, a medical missionary, and his wife Grace, in their service in 
Central and South America. (See Appendices D and E.) 

At a meeting on January 12, 1909, the Board of Elders worked out 
a schedule for communions and lovefeasts: Communion services 
would be held the fourth Sunday in January at the morning ser- 
vice; Maundy Thursday at night; Whit Sunday in the morning; the 
Sunday evening nearest August 13; and the Sunday morning near- 
est the church anniversary, October 25. Lovefeasts would be held 
the first Sunday in June; the Sunday nearest October 25; and on 
Christmas Day at 4:00 p.m. 

At a service in 1909, the presidential proclamation establishing 
Thanksgiving Day was read, an address was given by Bishop 
Edward Rondthaler, and an offering of $4.79 was given to the 
hospital (perhaps the former hospital on Oak Street). "About a 
one horse load" of groceries was sent to the Salem Home. 

At a Church Council held in 1910, plans were made to improve 
the church grounds, a continuing problem for the congregation. A 

22 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

landscape gardener was to be consulted. Trees on the lot surround- 
ing the church were to be sold to the highest bidder. At a later 
Church Council, the trustees were instructed to build a concrete 
wall on Academy and Green Streets at a cost of $828. 

In 1910 a canvass for Foreign Missions was made by Raymond 
Brietz, Robert Church, Frank Grover, Samuel Pfaff, Lindsay Raker, 
Henry Hanes, Granville Nading, Frank Disher, Fred Hege, and 
Charles Lashmit. Pledges of $166.47 were obtained. 


Around 1911-1913 participation in prayer meetings was not as 
evident as in the days of Christ Chapel, but in the days of the 
chapel only prayer meeting and Sunday School were held. As the 
congregation grew larger, more organization and reorganization 
came about as the second generation began to emerge. 
Improvements continued to be made on the church building, includ- 
ing the addition of a lower platform in the church sanctuary. 

W. E. Beisiegel and his wife arrived at Christ Church in June 1912 
after leaving Bluefields, Nicaragua because of his wife's health. 
After more than four years as pastor of Christ Church, he and his 
wife left on April 26, 1916, for Brooklyn, New York, where he 
became the pastor of the Moravian congregation on Jay Street. 

The year 1914 saw the largest increase in church membership up to 
that time. This was the year that Granville School — with a remark- 
ably modern feature, an indoor swimming pool — was completed. 
Today Granville Place, which provides housing for older adults, is 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 23 

located on the site of the former school. Several members of 
Christ Church reside there and participate actively in the life of the 

The construction of new homes continued the development of the 
Granville area and gave new opportunities for the growth of the 

The first church library opened March 1, 1915, with more than 
400 books cataloged and arranged for use. The church library 
continued for many years but was discontinued after improve- 
ments in the Forsyth County library system and the institution of 
the Resource Center made it less useful. 

J. Kenneth Pfohl 

An effort was made to free the church from debt during the time 
Brother E. H. Stockton served as interim pastor. On September 3, 
1916, J.K. Pfohl, a former pastor, preached at the evening service 
on I Corinthians 16:2: "On the first day of every week, each of 
you is to put something aside, as he may prosper, so that contribu- 
tions need not be in vain when I corner Two-thirds of the congre- 
gation pledged between $500 and $600 toward the support of the 

A Boy Scout Troop was organized November 23, 1916, as Troop 
6. The troop constitution stated that the troop would have 15 and 
not more than 17 members. Robert Grunert was the scoutmaster. 

24 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

The Christ Church band was the first band to be organized in 
the Salem Congregation after Home Church, playing for the first 
time at the Easter Sunrise Service in 1918. 

Services at the church were cancelled during the month of 
October 1918, because of the epidemic of "Spanish influenza." 
Six thousand cases of this flu were reported in the city during 
the epidemic. Services resumed in November but evening ser- 
vices were cancelled December 8, 15, and 22 as 50 cases were 
reported in the congregation. 

Christ Church Band, 
circa 1968. 


A mass meeting of the men of the church (48 in number) was held 
February 19, 1919. The result was the unanimous adoption of the 
following resolution: 

Be it resolved that Christ Church, having now reached the 
age of 22, and having a membership of more than 300, 
wish to thank the Central Board of Trustees for the aid so 
freely and generously given this congregation in the past 
and realize that the aid given us might be used to help in 
weaker places, desires to go on record as not only willing 
but glad to assume a larger amount of the obligation 
resting upon the Salem Congregation and, God being our 
helper, do pledge ourselves to be fully self-supporting by 
June 30, 1923. In the meantime, we further pledge our- 
selves to put in improvements at Christ Church amounting 
to not less than $5,000. Meanwhile our understanding is as 
follows: that you will continue for Christ Church expenses 
$775 for four years after this year, after which no further 
assistance will be asked; all additional expenses to be paid 
for by Christ Church. 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 25 


The church members now faced the same problem they had earlier 
faced with Christ Chapel: Sunday school membership had grown 
larger and additional classrooms were needed. 

Edgar A. Holton 

A contract was given to Fogle Brothers for the Sunday school 
annex, as it was designated at the time, on the evening of August 
29, 1919. Then the Sunday school rooms behind the church were 
removed and on October 31, 1919, Brother Edgar A. Holton, now 
pastor, laid the first brick for the new wing. When the new class- 
rooms were added, the roof needed to be higher than the original 
sanctuary. Instead of raising the roof, a new room was built over 
the old one. The total cost of the building amounted to more than 
$27,000. In celebration of the completion of the new wing, a song 
was sung in Sunday school by only those who had been present 27 
years before. Forty members were able to qualify. 

In 1919 the Ladies' Aid decided to publish a church directory. This 
is thought to have been the first Christ Church directory published. 


Forty-five people were received into the membership of the 
congregation on Palm Sunday, March 20, 1920. 

Eleven joined by adult baptism: Ethel L. Lashmit, Ruth M. 
Lashmit, Maggie L. Spaugh, Lizzie L. Sappenfield, Isabelle 
Everhart, Bertha Alma Collins, John D. Collins, Hal B. Nifong, 
Herman O. Edwards, Jerry W. Rippy, and Sidney R. Shore. 

26 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

Eleven joined by the rite of confirmation: Ruth S. Holton, Ruby J. 
Kimel, Pauline H. Spainhour, Saplna S. Anderson, Mary A. Eccles, 
Mary D. Hedrick, Fred C. Disher, J. Winfred Pfaff, Herman E. 
McCully, Orlando L. Patterson, and Jessie V. Pitts. 

Twenty-three joined by letter of transfer: Rufus H. Cottrell, Ella 
May Cottrell, John N. Minish, Percy Lee Minish, Roy R. Hoffman, 
Maude Hoffman, H. F. Anderson, Etta M. Anderson, Holland R. 
Anderson, Walter Ward, Mary A. Wood, Catherine Evelyn Wood, 
William N. Evans, Horace P. Chatham Sr., James W. Joyce, Laura 

E. Hill, Flora Ann Blackburn, Gertrude Chitty, Lula M. Phelps, 

F. Susan Nifong, Gladys E. Brandon, Ethel M. Buie, and Annie 
Baker Hunter. 


The year 1924 brought "modern Sunday School trends" to the 
church. A Junior Department was organized separately from the 
rest of the Sunday School, meeting in the west end of the church 
basement. Seven classrooms were made available by using wooden 
partitions to set the rooms apart. 

At one time the Junior Department sang from hymns printed on 
window shades. To sing a hymn, the department superintendent 
would pull down the shades for the words of the hymn. 

The coming in 1924 of Brother Carl J. Helmich as pastor saw more 
developments in Christian education. His interest in the newly 
developing field led to further developments along this line. 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 27 

Carl J. Helmich 

Bishop Pfohl later stated that he had sought to get Pastor Helmich 
for this reason. 

The first "Daily Vacation Bible School" was held from June 20- 
July 1, 1927 with an average attendance of 141. The only other 
Bible school held that year in the Southern Province was at the 
Home Church. 

In the 1930s, when extra meeting space was needed for the 
Sunday School, a class met in the furnace room. Old pews were 
placed in a corner of the room and lights were strung up. The floor 
was unpaved then. 

Now that Christ Church had better educational facilities, a 
program was needed to make the best use of it. A Board of 
Christian Education for Christ Church was created on October 17, 
1933 that was to be "responsible for the organization and adminis- 
tration of the program of Christian Education in the church." 
Upon recommendation of the Board of Elders, five people were 
chosen to serve on the board: J.O. Saunders Sr., C. M. Hedrick, 
Hal Nifong, Mrs. Charles Lashmit, and Mrs. R.E. Grunert. 

A Girl Scout troop was organized at Christ Church October 27, 
1933, with ten members. Leaders for the troop were Helen Carter, 
Mae Bostic, and Mary Ebert. This is the earliest reference to a 
Girl Scout troop found in researching the history of the church. On 
several occasions in the 1990s, Beulah (Mrs. Paul) Smith has been 

28 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

recognized for more than 50 years of dedicated leader- 
ship and service to the Girl Scout troop at Christ Church. 

Midweek services were well-attended in 1937. 

Following the 45 -minute prayer service, Mrs. Helmich 

gave a teacher-training course for another 45 minutes 

with an average attendance of more than 50 people. This 

was also the last year of Pastor Helmich 's pastorate at 

Christ Church. His last service was January 2, 1938, concluding 

the longest pastorate at Christ Church during its first century, 

having served from August 1924 to January 1938. 

Early Girl Scout troop. 

Frank Terry, an African- American, served as janitor for a number of 
years. In addition to cleaning the church, he fired the coal furnace, 
cut the grass, and rang the bell on Sunday mornings. At that time, 
the choir was seated downstairs in the sanctuary; sometimes Mr. 
Terry and his wife would sit in the balcony for the church service. 


The congregation continued to change from a neighborhood church 
to an area church as many families and children of members moved 
to other areas within the city. New members also came in from 
different neighborhoods. By 1940 Christ Church was the third 
largest congregation in the Southern Province; only Home Church 
and Calvary were larger. Vernon I. Graf served as pastor from 1938 
to 1945. The pastorate of Samuel J. Tesch began in 1945 and 
concluded in 1952. 

Vernon I. Graf 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 29 

The 50th anniversary of the congregation was observed October 
27, 1946, with Holy Communion at the 11:00 a.m. service and the 
anniversary lovefeast at 4:00 p.m. Bishop Howard E. Rondthaler, 
the first pastor, helped to launch the congregation for the next 50 
years. All living former pastors were present except Brother 

Above, Christ Church as it appeared in 1946. 

30 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 


Four pastors of Christ Church have been elected bishops of the 
Moravian Church: Howard E. Rondthaler, J. Kenneth Pfohl, Carl J. 
Helmich, and Samuel J. Tesch. (See Appendix C.) 


The physical improvements of 1941 were probably the most exten- 
sive in and around the church until the 1991 renovation. A concrete 
drive to the Sunday school building was completed. New sidewalks 
were laid around the church and a walk from the Bank Street 
entrance to the street was added. An acoustical ceiling was 
installed and the sanctuary was redecorated. Art glass memorial 
windows had been recently placed in the sanctuary. These many 
changes were recognized at a service on May 18, 1941. 


J. Tesch 


In 1941 a quartet from Christ Church known as the Vesper Singers 
had a regularly scheduled radio program on Sunday afternoon. The 
program was known as "Sunday Reveries." Singing in the quartet 
were Phyllis Tesh (Rucker), soprano; Marie Chitty (Bennett), alto; 
John H. Bryant, tenor; and William A. Cranford, bass. Mrs. 
Evangeline Graf, wife of Pastor Vernon Graf, directed the group. 
The Vesper Singers also sang at services in area churches. The 
group was singing at radio station WAIR on the afternoon of 
Sunday, December 7, 1941, when news came about the attack on 
Pearl Harbor by the Japanese. 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 31 


In the late 1940s, a group of young adults, calling themselves 
Transa-Moravia, was instrumental in promoting the drive for a 
new building on the corner of Academy Street and Granville 
Drive. They designed and constructed the Fellowship Building on 
the land across Hunter Avenue from the main church building. 

As an outgrowth of the first 
Young Married Peoples' 
Conference at Camp 
Transylvania, the Transa- 
Moravia group was organized 
August 8, 1947, at a meeting 
in Granville Park. In addition 
to constructing the Fellowship 
Building, they sponsored 
other projects such as provid- 
ing robes for the youth choir. 
The last meeting of the 
Transa-Moravia group was 
held in January 1958. 
Members from the group 
formed the present Sam Marx 
Sunday School class. 

Top, Transa-Moravia camping trip. 
Middle left, Fund-raising dinner at the Belo Home. 
Middle right, Dedication of Fellowship Building. 
Lower left, Kitchen Committee, circa 1949. 

32 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

At about the same time, Brother Tesch was active in promoting 

mission work and helped to choose Dr. Samuel Marx and his wife 

Grace, as the missionary family to be supported by 

the congregation. The Marxes were the last to 

serve under such an arrangement. Today the 

Marxes, now retired, are active members of the 

Christ Church congregation. 

During the pastorate of the Reverend John H. 

Johansen (1952-1956), a Men of the Church group 

was organized. Seating for the choir was moved to 

the balcony of the sanctuary, and pews were placed 

in the area formerly occupied by the choir. Brother Johansen led 

several outstanding Bible studies during his pastorate, leaving in 

1956 to join Salem College. In 1953, Alton F. Pfaff was elected to 

the Provincial Elders' Conference, Southern Province, the first 

member of Christ Church to be elected to that board. 

The Marx family. 


In September 1957, the Reverend J. Calvin Barnes became the 
pastor. The membership of the church increased in these years and 
continued to grow during his pastorate, 1957-1965. Two morning 
worship services were held from June through September. 

During the early years of his pastorate, a fire destroyed the double 
garage behind the parsonage. This building had a room on the 
second floor which was used as a meeting place for the Boy Scout 
and Girl Scout troops. 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 33 

A decision was made to replace the parsonage. A new parsonage, 
built on the site of the former one, was occupied on March 12, 

1958 by the Barnes family. The mortgage for the parson- 
age was paid off and a note-burning ceremony was held 
Palm Sunday, March 26, 1961. 

Youth choir, Jeanie Smith 
Rothrock, director. 

The year 1958 marked the ordination of Clyde G. Barber 
as a deacon in the Moravian Church. He entered the 
ministry after his retirement from his work as a railroad 
conductor. Another member, the Reverend Robert W. 
Woosley Jr., was received into the Moravian ministry on July 13 
of the same year. He formerly had been ordained in another 

In 1961 a Moeller pipe organ was installed in the church sanctuary 
and a dedicatory recital was performed in August. Air condition- 
ing was installed in the church in July, 1961. 


The house on the northwest corner of Hunter Avenue and 
Academy Street which had belonged to the Eugene Miller family 
was purchased in 1964 for $10,000. At first used for Sunday 
School classrooms, it was later removed and the site sown in 
grass. The Rodman L. King house on the same block was pur- 
chased and its site was made into a parking lot in 1966. 

The house and former store building belonging to the Hauser fam- 
ily at 502 Hunter Avenue came into the hands of the congregation 
and the house was remodeled to serve as offices. The pastor and 

34 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

church staff have offices there, and meetings of the trustees and 
other groups are held there. 


John Walker, who had served as a summer assistant in 1960, was 
installed as pastor on February 6, 1966. The church newsletter 
appeared and has continued through the years under different 
names, today appearing under the banner of The Fellowship 

The Reverend and Mrs. 

John M. Walker 


During this time more consideration was given to the Christian 
education program of the congregation. In time the congregation 
saw the need for assistance with Christian education and youth 
workers. Brother David Smith was called as an associate pastor 
and served during the pastorates of Harold W. Durham (1975-1978) 
and Richard L. Sides (1978-1981). 


James V. Salzwedel served the congregation as organist before 
being installed as pastor on September 26, 1982. 

Richard L. Sides 

During the 1980s a number of provincial gatherings were held at 
Christ Church, including the monthly meetings of the First Family 
Prayer Group and the Moravian Clergy and Christian Educators 

Brother Salzwedel inaugurated the West Salem Concert Series 
which brought musicians to the church and community. Some of 
the musicians had connections with the West Salem neighborhood, 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 35 

James V. Salzwedel 

and the concerts provided an opportunity for the congregation to 
enjoy various kinds of music. The programs were usually held in 
the Schwalbe Room. At the time, Troy Gordon, a student at the 
North Carolina School of the Arts, was serving as organist for 
Christ Church and gave a solo recital as part of this program. 

A number of Christ Church members joined the Hussite Bell 
Ringers, a community handbell group conducted by pastor 


For many years plans had been proposed and discussed for making 
changes in the church sanctuary, none of which had been imple- 
mented. In 1990, under Brother Salzwedel's leadership, the 
assistance of Doug Hurlburt, an architect and a Moravian, was 
secured to plan how best this should be done, working with a com- 
mittee of church members chaired by Josephine Hoffman Brown. 
Renovations to the back of the church building (behind the sanctu- 
ary) had been made earlier. 

This was Brother Hurlbert's first work for a Moravian congrega- 
tion. He serves as a member of the Board of Evangelism and 
Home Missions for the Southern Province. 

During the renovation period, the congregation met for worship in 
the Fellowship Building. The pews were removed from the sanc- 
tuary, refinished and replaced on new carpet. The rich plum color 
of the carpet was chosen by a vote of the congregation. Indirect 
lighting was installed behind crown moulding below the beaded- 

id Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

board ceiling, revealed after acoustic ceiling tiles were removed. 

A new wooden arch, reflecting the shape of the sanctuary 
doors and accented with a keystone carved with a Moravian 
star, was installed on the wall behind the pulpit, surround- 
ing the existing cross. Flower tables were built into each 
side of the arch. The pews, door frames, mouldings, and 
the rail around the choir loft in the balcony were stained 
a rich walnut shade similar to the arch. The loft for the 
choir was extended and enclosed by glass panels topped 
by a wooden rail; the extensions were added to provide 
more space for soloists and instrumentalists. Shutters 
were placed in the bell tower and a stained glass win- 
dow, depicting the Lamb and the Cross, was placed in 
the tower. Provision was made for the Advent star to 
hang in the middle of the sanctuary rather than over the pulpit. 

r H 



Total cost of the renovation was $314,658.50. 


The Centennial Courtyard, constructed on the east side of the 
sanctuary as part of the 1990 renovation, was made possible in part 
by a contribution from the family of Alton and Georgia Pfaff . 
Granite steps which had been located at one time at the main 
entrance on Academy Street were used to form stone benches for 
seating. The former steps are marked with the words "Junior 
Endeavorers" and "1906" referring to the name of the first church 
youth organization established in the early 1900s. 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 37 

A large, round marker identifying the area as the Centennial 
Courtyard was placed in the center of the paved area. Flowers and 
shrubbery were planted around the perimeter of the courtyard by 
Wilhelmina Breedlove Cranford, wife of the Reverend William A. 
Cranford and daughter-in-law of Hollis Pfaff Cranford. On June 
11, 1995, Trinity Sunday, the courtyard was dedicated in memory 
of Alton Pfaff, with Pastor Wallace Elliott presiding and members 
of the Pfaff family present. A covered dish luncheon in the 
Fellowship Building followed. 

During the worship service preceding the dedication, the note of 
indebtedness for the renovation of the church was burned. Former 
pastor James V. Salzwedel participated in the service, with mem- 
bers of the Renovation and Centennial committees and the 
congregation as witnesses. 


The idea for an Epiphany Festival in 1995 came from the choir 
leader, Max Ulrich. Under his direction, the choir, plus several 
guest soloists and instrumentalists, presented a special worship 
program. The festival began at five o'clock p.m., Sunday, January 
8, 1995, with the ringing of the church bell followed by an 
Epiphany liturgy and hymn. Several scenes representing the 
message of Christmas and Epiphany were presented in song. 
Members and children of the congregation, along with soloists 
from the community, played various roles. The choir practiced for 
many months in preparation. Elaborate costumes, borrowed from 

38 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 


God, our help in ages past; Qurtopeforyars to come. 

the Little Theatre of Winston-Salem, added to the dramatic flavor 
of the program. Live green boughs created a backdrop for the 
manger scene, set at the front of the sanctuary. 


Preparations for celebrating the 100th anniversary of Christ Church 
began almost 10 years before its occurrence, while James V. 
Salzwedel was pastor. He organized a committee which met 
regularly for a period of several years before beginning a two-year 
series of activities leading to Centennial Sunday, October 27, 1996. 

At an official "kick-off dinner on Wednesday, October 19, 1994, 
members of the congregation discussed ideas for possible 
Centennial projects, and the theme and logo for the anniversary 
were introduced. 

The theme selected was "O God, our help in ages past; our hope for 
years to come..." The logo was a photo of the east end of the 
church taken around 1950 after a snowfall. The photo was 
inscribed with a banner bearing the words of the theme. Below the 
banner were the words "Christ Moravian Church, Winston- 
Salem, North Carolina, Organized October 25, 1896." The logo 
was used on Centennial memorabilia in the form of plates, cups, 
and small bells. 

Current and former members of the congregation shared their 
memories about Christ Church during dinners and luncheons 

Chnsi Moravian Church 

Org-miKl October 25. 1996 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 39 


God, our help in ages pgt|Ourhopefo r years to come 

throughout the two years: 

• November 1, 1995, "An Evening of Reminiscing," led by 
Fred Disher. Mr. Disher, who joined Christ Church in 
1920, and his wife, Gwendolyn, traveled from their home 
in Jacksonville, Florida, for this special occasion. 

• May 19, 1996, "Tales of Earlier Times," (originally 
scheduled for February 4, 1996, but rescheduled due to a 
snowstorm) - Jo Hoffman Brown, Bill Cranford, Sibyl 
Johnson, Ethel Kalter 

• July 14, 1996, "From Generation to Generation," Beulah 
Smith, daughter Jeanie Smith Rothrock, grandson Chris 
Rothrock, great-grandson Jonathan Rothrock; Margaret 
Jarvis Conrad and Marie Jarvis Page; B.W. ("Doodlum") 
Saunders; Louise and Tom Shepherd 

A special luncheon for Recognition Sunday, April 28, 1996, hon- 
ored those who participate in the life of the congregation as 
members of the dieners, the choir, the orchestra and band, as 
Sunday School teachers, youth leaders, and members of the Board 
of Elders and Board of Trustees, and other groups. Former pastors 
Richard L. Sides, and his wife, Elizabeth, and James V. Salzwedel 
attended. Sarah Tesch Salzwedel, wife of Brother Salzwedel, and 
two of her sisters, Mary Elizabeth Tesch Barnes and Ann Tesch 
French — all daughters of Bishop and Mrs. Samuel J. Tesch — also 
attended, sharing memories of their life in the parsonage during 
their father's pastorate at Christ Church. 

A memorable singstunde, a worship service in song, was led by 
former pastor James V. Salzwedel on Sunday, March 10, 1996. 

40 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

f^Z ■ 

God, our help in ages past; Our hope for years to come.. 


Sabrina Maksi, archivist for the church, prepared many bulletin 
board displays of historic photographs for the enjoyment and 
education of the congregation. Sibyl Johnson, also an archivist for 
the church, traced the descendants of the charter members of the 
church to the present generation. This information was outlined on 
the bulletin boards in the hall leading to the Schwalbe classroom. 
(See Appendix B.) The Reverend William A. Cranford researched 
and wrote the history of the church with Sarah Hunter, who edited 
and prepared the history for publication. Brother Cranford also led 
a series of Wednesday night classes and prepared several programs 
about the history of Christ Church. 

Sabrina Maksi, Sibyl Johnson, and Bill Cranford, along with John 
Chitty, Cleo Disher, Bob and Sarah Hunter, Louellen Saunders, and 
Pastor Wallace Elliott served as members of the Centennial 
Committee. Clay and Nancy Reid lent considerable support to the 
committee's efforts, with Brother Reid handling the videotaping of 
most Centennial events. David Ader handled the videotaping on 
Centennial Sunday. Jo Brown, Marie Bennett, and the late Alvin 
Disher helped with the initial planning efforts which began when 
James Salzwedel was pastor. 

A Centennial directory was published and specially 
designed bulletins were used each Sunday of the 
Centennial year. Each bulletin included "Footprints 
from the Past!' notes selected by Bill Cranford 
from the church history. (See Appendix G.) 

Christ Church Congregation, June 1996. 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 41 

L_OGod, our help in ages past^hogefo r years to come^ 


The Centennial Committee, in cooperation with the Board of 
Trustees, voted to focus on renovating the sanctuary organ as the 
Centennial project. Everyone — from adults to children — was 
asked to contribute a gift of money in increments of 100 (100 pen- 
nies, nickels, dollars) to the Centennial Organ Renovation Fund. 
This money was to be used for immediate renovation of the organ 
and also to establish a continuing fund to support the proper main- 
tenance of the organ. A total of approximately $7,000 was 
announced at the Centennial Lovefeast. 


After several years of preparing for the Centennial anniversary of 
Christ Moravian Church, the time to celebrate arrived on Sunday, 
October 27, 1996. 

Although it rained early in the morning, around 5:30 a.m., the 
weather slowly cleared and the day turned into a beautiful, warm 
October Sunday. 

Wallace C. Elliott 

The Centennial services began with Holy Communion at the 1 1 :00 
a.m. worship service. The Right Reverend Paul A. Graf, whose 
father, the Reverend Vernon I. Graf, served Christ Church as 
pastor from 1938-1945, presided at the service. The Reverend 
Wallace C. Elliott, current pastor, was assisted by the Reverend 
William A. Cranford and the Reverend Samuel B. Marx, M.D., 
during the service. Special music was performed by the choir, a 
soloist, and an instrumentalist. 

42 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 


God, our help in ages past; Ourhogefor years to come .. 

Bishop Graf's wife, Jane, and his mother, Evangeline, accompanied 
him from Wisconsin to attend the anniversary celebration. Mrs. 
Evangeline Graf had served as choir director and organist while her 
husband served Christ Church as pastor. Bishop Graf was born 
while the Grafs were here. The family moved to Sturgeon Bay, 
Wisconsin, when he was six years old. 

After the morning communion service, box lunches 
were served to the congregation at tables set up on 
the lawn under the trees on the east side of the 
church. Contributions were accepted to help offset 
the cost of the Centennial luncheon. 

A truly spectacular birthday cake, with three tiers and 
many layers decorated with red frosting roses and topped by a 
miniature model of Christ Church (made by Eldon Binkley), was 
lovingly donated by Jane Chitty. Before the cake was cut, everyone 
sang "Happy Birthday, Christ Church." Mrs. Evangeline Graf was 
served the first piece of cake and told those around her that this day 
was one of the happiest in her life. 

Centennial Dinner on the grounds, 
Sunday, October 27, 1996. 

The Anniversary Lovefeast followed at 3:00 p.m. Bishop Graf 
delivered an inspiring message, tying together the history of the 
church with a call to consider the church's approach to its second 
hundred years. His title was "The Party's Over.. .Or Is It?" Special 
music during the Lovefeast included the Centennial anthem, "Join 
We All With One Accord," commissioned through funds received in 
memory of John Haxton. Mr. Haxton's family was present to hear 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 43 

God, our help in ages past; Ourhope for years to come .. 

the anthem, composed by Hal Hopson of Dallas, Texas. 
Instrumentalists for the anthem included Jeanie Smith Rothrock 
and Sabrina Maksi, handbells, and Richard (Dick) Saunders, Chris 
Rothrock, and John Chitty, trombones. Serving at the Lovefeast 
for the first time as head dieners were Kay Bennett Butner and 
John A. Chitty, replacing Mary Sibyl and Robert L. "Bob" 
Johnson, who had served faithfully as head dieners for 32 years. 

Attendance at the Holy Communion service totalled 355. 
Attendance for the Lovefeast was 262. 


As the Centennial celebration concluded, it seemed appropriate to 
reflect on the first one hundred years of achievement and to con- 
sider how Christ Moravian Church might enter its second century 
of service, as Bishop Graf had suggested in his address. Pastor 
Wallace Elliott changed "Footsteps from the Past" in the bulletin 
on Centennial Sunday to read "Footsteps to the Future" and wrote: 

" ...Our present work and mission really depend on all of us 
sharing together in the mission to which our Lord has 

called us. One hundred years of service! Where do 
we go from here? The call to Mission from Christ is 
still before us. The fields are whiter than ever for 
harvest. Lord, may we live and work and worship 
together in faithfulness, trust, and obedience - 
engaged in mission for Your sake. Amen!" 

Christ Moravian Church, 1996. 

44 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 


God, our help in ages past; Our hope for years to come.. 




OCTOBER 25, 1896 

The names of the 3 1 charter members are taken from the church 
register (1896-1908). The charter members are listed in the register 
in the section titled "At the Organization." 

Emelius Brewer 

Mrs. Rosa R. Brewer 

L. Albert Brietz 

Mrs. Alice Brietz 

R. Hillary Church 

Ada Collins 

Jessie Doub 

John Doub 

Mrs. John Doub 

Mr. and Mrs. Lee Hanes 

Mrs. James Hedrick 

Laura Johnson 

William Jurney 

Mrs. Eleanor Jurney 

John S. Kimel 

Mrs. Ida T. Kimel 

Clara Kimel 

Harry Mickey 

Mrs. Harry Mickey 

Delia Pfaff 

Sam Pfaff 

Orville Pfaff 

Mrs. Albert Peddycord 

Lizetta Pegram (1946- spelled Lizatta) 

Lillie Pegram 

Charles Reich 

David Robertson 

Mrs. David Robertson 

Lizzie Robertson 

John Transou 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 45 





Compiled by Sybil Johnson and Sabrina Maksi, 
Archivists of Christ Moravian Church 

Several families of current members can trace their roots to the 
charter members of Christ Moravian Church. The charter mem- 
bers and their living descendants who are current members of 
Christ Moravian Church are listed below: 

Charter member: 


Robert Burns 

Charter member: 


Beulah Phelps Smith; Jeanie Smith Rothrock; Terri Ellen Rothrock 
Dyson, Zachary Rothrock, Chris Rothrock; Jonathan Rothrock, 
Aaron Rothrock 

Charter members: 


Josephine Hoffman Brown; Beverly A. Brown, David H. Brown; 
Jordan Seth Brown 

Charter member: 


Louise Church Shepherd; Sandra Shepherd Davis; Christopher 

Charter members: 



Robert Lee Johnson Jr.; Sabrina Maksi, Donald Gray Johnson Jr.; 
Austin W. Johnson 

Constance Sheppard Zavistoski; Linda Sheppard Crater; Rick 
Crater; Carol Johnson; Bonnie Sheppard Bumgarner; 

46 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

APPENDIX B, continued 

Stacy Bumgarner; Kenneth E. Sheppard Jr.; Lori Sheppard, Lisa 

Sheppard, Aimee Sheppard 

David E. Johnson Sr.; David E. Johnson Jr. 

Charter member: 


The Reverend William A. Cranford; William H. Cranford, Joel 

Charter member: 

Gladys Pfaff Hicks 

Sarah Holton Melton, Ann Holton Raymer; Susan Raymer, Kathy 

Raymer Inman 

Charter member: 


Eileen Peddycord Chambers 

Robert Peddycord; Laura Peddycord, Jennifer Peddycord 

Charter Member: 

Fred C. Disher 

Rick M. Disher, M. Scott Disher, Andrew E. Disher 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 47 







Howard E. Rondthaler* 1 896- 1 903 

J. Kenneth Pfohl* 1903-1908 

John F. McCuiston 1 908- 1 9 1 2 

(Pastor McCuiston also served Christ Chapel 
as "Assistant Missionary Pastor," 1893-1896) 

W. E. Beisiegel 1912-1916 

Edgar A. Holton 1 9 1 6- 1 924 

Carl J. Helmich* 1 924- 1 937 

Vernon I. Graf 1938-1945 

Samuel J. Tesch* 1945-1952 

John H. Johansen 1 952- 1 956 

J. Calvin Barnes 1957-1965 

John M. Walker 1 966- 1 975 

Harold W. Durham 1 975- 1 978 

B. David Smith (Associate pastor) 1977-1982 

Richard L. Sides 1978-1981 

James V. Salzwedel 1982-1992 

Wallace C. Elliott 1993- 

* Elected bishops 

48 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

APPENDIX C, continued 

DEACONS (Deacon is the first order of the ministry of the 
Moravian Church.) 


E.R Mendenhall 

Date of ordination Officiating Bishop 

November 14, 1905 Edward Rondthaler 
at the Provincial Synod 

G.E. Brewer June 20, 1937 

William A. Cranford June 26, 1949 
Clyde G. Barber, Sr. July 13, 1958 
Robt. W. Woosley, Jr. July 13, 1958 

J.K. Pfohl 

J.K. Pfohl 

Edmund Schwarze 

(Received into the 
Moravian ministry; 
ordained as a Baptist) 


Ernest H. Stockton 
Edwin J. Heath 
Edward C. Helmich 
Oswald E. Stimpson 
J. Calvin Barnes 
Thomas W. Haupert 
Student assistants were sometimes used during the summer months. 


Susan Rockette 
Steve W. Hogan 
Julia C. Denham 
Ellen Kirby 
Glenna Tasedan 
Julia B. Frye 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 49 

APPENDIX C, continued 


Philip Parabel, Surinam 


The Reverend and Mrs. Fred Schwalbe, Alaska 1922-1937 

Dr. and Mrs. Samuel Marx, Nicaraugua, Honduras 1949-1990 
Dr. Marx was ordained a Presbyter of the Moravian 
Church on September 4, 1955. 

50 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 



Philip Parabel was the first missionary supported by Christ 
Moravian Church, beginning in 1906. The following letters con- 
cerns Philip Parabel and his work. 

The first section contains excerpts from a letter written to the 
Reverend J.K. Pfohl by the Reverend J. Taylor Hamilton, the 
American representative on the Moravian Mission Board at 
Herrenhut. The date on the letter is unknown, but it was received 
sometime during Brother Pfohl' s pastorate at Christ Moravian, 
probably around 1906. 

Dear Brother Pfohl 

...Philip Parabel 's address is Niew Nickerie, Surinam. He 
is a native of Nepaul, India, about 40 years of age, possibly a little 
more, and unmarried. Like many of his countrymen, he came to 
Surinam in the latter part of the last decade, attracted by the higher 
wages paid by the owners of plantations for a certain number of 
years. As they are very economical, many of them save enough to 
buy small plots of land, and then set up for themselves in Surinam, 
growing rice, it may be. Others return to India. Their number may 
be inferred from the fact that in and about Niew Nickerie, on the 
border of Surinam toward Demerara, and near the coast, it is esti- 
mated that more than two thousand of them are now living, a very 
considerable number of these being permanent residents and small 
land owners, having finished their contracts. Many of them are 
Mohammedians, others Hindus in faith. I believe that Parabel 
belonged to the latter class. For some years, our church has been 
carrying on a distinctive mission among these coolies in and about 
Paramaribo, and throughout the colony at large... 

Parabel came as a laborer to a plantation known as 
Marienburg, where we had a good Christian member, who used to 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 51 

gather the Coolies in his home and give them Bible instructions. 
Through the instrumentality of this man, Parabel was led to Christ 
and baptized by our missionary Gotfried Buck, as I think I men- 
tioned in my former letter. From the first he made a good impres- 
sion as a serious, quiet, and reliable man. The attention of Brother 
Theodore Wenzel, who is in charge of the mission to the coolies, 
was attracted to him, and he sent for Parabel, to come to 
Paramaribo, that he might train himself as a future evangelist. The 
man approved himself and was at first employed in Paramaribo 
and its vicinity, under the more immediate supervision of Brother 
Wenzel. Then, as he was found to be reliable and staunch, he was 
given a more independent sphere — so far as coolie work is con- 
cerned, in and around Niew Nickerie... 

Parabel's chief work is as follows: to visit his Indian coun- 
trymen in their homes, as a colporteur and evangelist, and besides 
conversing with them on religious themes, to secure their children 
of school age for our mission day school, where of course the aim 
is to win them for Christ. Some twelve boys are now in school as 
a result of his efforts... another part of Parabel's work is to gather 
the infant class or kindergarten scholars in an humble hut thatched 
with palm leaves, near the regular school house and teach them. 
Brother Hettasch assured me that, to judge from the way the little 
Hindus crowd into Parabel's primary school, he is popular with 
them. This means they will early be led to Christ, we hope. Then 
also he has services in his own house for those of his countrymen 
who are willing to come. These partake less of the character of 
public worship in the usual sense, but more of the nature of ques- 
tion and answer, and religious discussion with inquirers. A house 
is being built for Parabel at mission expense, so arranged as to be 
suited for these informal services, and also affording him opportu- 
nity to shelter overnight any man who may come to him 
Nicodemus fashion from a distance. His work is of especial 
importance among the men who have finished their contracts, and 
have settled down as cultivators of small patches for themselves. 
The coolies working on contract have such long hours and must 
work so hard that they need their free time for rest, and are in con- 
sequence not so accessible as a rule. 

J. Taylor Hamilton 

52 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 

The following letter was written by Philip Parabel in Hindustani 
with the English translation written between the lines. 

Dear Reverend, 

I have got your letter and was very glad of it. I thank you 
and your congregation very much. I will tell you now something 
about my life. I am born in India, or better, Nepal. There are no 
Christians at all. When my father died, I went away from at home 
in order to help my father to enter in heaven. (In India, there is a 
place of pilgrimage called Yaggauch. If a son takes an offering to 
this place after his father's death, it would mean his father will 
enter heaven.) When I came to Calcutta a man received me for 
Surinam in a deceitful manner. But now I don't say he deceived 
me but I say, "the Lord carried me here." 

Now I will tell you how I took belief. When I was on the 
ship I got a little Christian tract entitled Prashraffer (Question and 
Answer) which I liked very much. When I arrived in Surinam I 
first suffered much and for this reason I didn't read in this tract for 
some time. After one year I began to read in it. Then somebody 
gave me a New Testament and I began to read it, but I couldn't 
understand it until a fellow countryman of me, Siriman, a Christian, 
taught me. 

Then I began to learn the Creed, but I didn't know that I 
should have to take baptism. But after some days Brother Siriman 
said to me that I should take baptism. Then I was very afraid and 
said that I never would turn a Christian, for then other people 
would laugh at me. Siriman replied, "Then your belief is infertile 
(faith doesn't amount to much). I said, "I believe, but baptism I 
can't take." And so he admonished me always, but always I 
refuted. But one day I had a strange dream. The dream I will tell 
you now. 

I dreamed that one day I went from my house into the 
church to greet Reverend Buck. Mister Buck was sitting in the 
room upstairs. I went upstairs and wished to enter and to greet the 
minister. But he said: " You can't come to me yet, for you are not 
yet ready." From this time I prepared for baptism and some time 
afterwards I got baptized. 

When Mr. Wensel came, we got some more instruction out 
of the Bible. And now I am in the district Nickerie. 

I wish to work in the vineyard of the Lord but with respect 
to spiritual gifts I am weak and poor. 

I am the master of the infant school. At the present time, 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 53 

twenty-one children are visiting the school, but every day I must 
go out and call them to school. Until now there are only a few 
East- Indian Christians at Nickerie. There is a settlement named 
Paradise, where numerous East-Indian Hindu people and 
Mohammedians are living. There are also some Christians. Every 
second Sunday I go there, call the Christian people together, and 
then we sing some hymns, read out of the Bible and I explain so 
good as I can. In the evening I go back to the town. 

Indeed there are until now only a few Christians, but we 
trust that the work of the Lord will go on. 

I am preaching the Gospel to the Hindu people but it is 
very hard to them to leave the one belief and to go over to the 
other. They say, "Perhaps is our religion, but we must follow the 
religion of our forefathers." They believe in very many gods and 
goddesses. The greatest of these are Brahma, Wishroe, and Shiva 
of Mahadero. 

My best greetings to you and your congregation. God 
bless you. 

Your servant, 
Philip Parabel 

54 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 



A "Marx Mission Celebration" was held June 2, 1974 (Whitsunday), to 
honor the Marx family and their 25 years of mission work. A commit- 
tee headed by Miss Faith Fry planned a special service which included 
greetings from special guests, personal reminiscences by Dr. Sam Marx, 
a musical medley by the Marx family, and presentation of gifts. The 
bulletin for that day gave the following information: 

Dr. Samuel B. Marx was born on November 25, 1918 at Poo, Bashakr 
State, India, to missionary parents serving there. He was educated in 
the public schools of Victoria, Minnesota, graduated from Moravian 
College, Moravian Theological Seminary, received his M.D. C. M. 
degree from McGill University and served his internship at Reading 
Hospital, Reading, Pennsylvania. 

He was married to Grace Hoppe on June 16, 1945, in Alberta, Canada. 
They have five children. Dr. Marx began mission service in Central 
America in April, 1949. He began the medical work at Ahuas, 
Honduras and served the Thaeler Hospital several different times during 
doctors' furloughs. 

During his own furloughs, he served on the staff of the Vancouver 
Hospital, the Fargo, North Dakota Clinic, Western North Carolina 
Sanatorium and the Wapato Medical Center in Wapato, Washington. 
Through all of these 25 years of Christian medical service, Mrs. Marx 
could use her training as a nurse to work with her husband. 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 55 


Christ Church "Firsts" 

First community survey made: Spring of 1891 

First building: Christ Chapel, completed March 18, 1893 

First Sunday School organized March 26, 1893, with 56 scholars 

and 7 teachers 
First visit of Howard E. Rondthaler to Sunday School: Easter 

Sunday, April 2, 1893 
First baptism, Christ Chapel: Charles Daniel Spainhour, 

June 10, 1893 
First baptism, Christ Church: Caroline Marie Brietz, 

March 7, 1897 
First reference to Sunday School orchestra: December 1906 in the 

Wachovia Moravian 
First death, Christ Chapel: Andrew Jackson "Jack" Brown, a 

member of Home Church 
First death announced by band: Sister Nettie Wade, age 27, 

October 16, 1917 
First church organ: June 1905 
First church organist: S. A. Pfaff 
First singing of "Hosanna" and "Morning Star": At Sunday 

School, December 24, 1905 
First mission worker supported: Philip Parabel of Surinam 
First church library: Opened March 1, 1915 
First Easter Sunrise Service in which the Christ Church band 

played: Easter 1918. The Christ Church band was the first 

band to be organized in the Salem Congregation after 

Home Church. 
First missionary family supported from the home field: Brother 

and Sister W. T. and Gertrude Schwalbe 
First "Daily Vacation Bible School": June 20- July 1, 1927. 

Attendance averaged 141; the only Bible school held at 

this time other than at the Home Church. 
First Band-Choir concert: April 3, 1927 
First Board of Christian Education at Christ Church: Created 

October 17, 1933 
First use of Sunday School graded lessons: 1924 
First electric lights in parsonage: 1905 
First member elected to the Provincial Elders' Conference: 

Alton F. Pfaff 

56 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 


"Footsteps from the Past" 

A Sampling of the Historical Notes from Research for 

Christ Moravian Church: The First One Hundred Years 

Used in the Sunday Worship Bulletin During the Centennial 

Year 1996 

The "Hosanna" and "Morning Star" were sung at Christ Church for 
the first time on December 24, 1905, by children of the Sunday 

At a meeting on January 12, 1909, the Board of Elders worked out 
a schedule for communions and lovef easts: Communion services 
would be held the fourth Sunday in January at the morning service; 
Maundy Thursday at night; Whit Sunday in the morning; the 
Sunday evening nearest August 13; and the Sunday morning nearest 
the church anniversary, October 25. Lovefeasts would be held the 
first Sunday in June; the Sunday nearest October 25; and on 
Christmas Day at 4:00 p.m. 

As the congregation was leaving the church on March 4, 1917, a 
wind and snow storm came up. A few people remained at the 
church, others stopped at nearby houses. Eugene Church lost his 

Christ Chapel was dedicated on April 9, 1893. The watchword for 
that day was: "/ will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I 
will not turn from them!' ( Jeremiah 32:40) The doctrinal text for 
the day was: "As ye have therefore received Christ Jesus the Lord, 
so walk ye in him!' (Colossians 2:6) 

At one time, the Christ Church band played the Easter morning ser- 
vice at Macedonia. The congregation would assemble in church for 
the morning service and then come out in front of the church and 
proceed to the graveyard for the final part of the service. Later in 
the year the band was invited to a dinner given by the congregation. 

Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 57 

Services were cancelled during the month of October 1918, due to 
the flu epidemic. Six thousand cases of "Spanish influenza" were 
reported in the city; fifty cases were reported within the congrega- 

The only known copy of the History of Christ Chapel is in the 
church cornerstone. 

While visiting in the community as a young man, television star 
Andy Griffith sang in the senior choir of Christ Church. 

In the early years, on moonlit evenings, men would come to the 
church to work on the grounds. Could this be considered an early 
form of "moonlighting" by Christ Church members? 

The first name chosen for the development to the west and south- 
west of the church was "Kunvald" for the valley where the first 
congregation of the Unitas Fratrum was begun. It was later 
changed to "Granville Place." 

In 1916 eleven chickens were donated by three Sunday school 
classes to Moravian Theological Seminary for Thanksgiving 
dinner. Did this suggest that learning to eat chicken was part of a 
minister's education? 

Death announcements by the band were at one time played from 
the bell tower, and announcements of deaths continued to be made 
by the band as late as the 1970s. The first announcement of a 
death from the church tower was made on October 16, 1917, when 
Sister Nettie Wade passed away at the age of 27. 

Lora Pilcher Saunders, the oldest living member of Christ Church, 
celebrated her 102nd birthday during the church's Centennial year. 
Mrs. Saunders, the wife of the late J.O. Saunders Sr., became a 
member of Christ Church in 1925. (Mrs. Saunders passed away 
October 3, 1997.) 

58 Centennial History of Christ Moravian Church 




Form No. A-368, Rev. 8/95